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Title: Residual tensile stress in robust insulating rhombohedral Bi{sub 1−x}La{sub x}Fe{sub 1−y}Ti{sub y}O{sub 3} multiferroic ceramics and its ability to pin ferroelectric polarization switching

Robust insulating rhombohedral Bi{sub 1−x}La{sub x}Fe{sub 1−y}Ti{sub y}O{sub 3} multiferroic ceramics with 0.02 ≤ x ≤ 0.12 and 0.01 ≤ y ≤ 0.08 are prepared by a refined solid-state reaction electroceramic processing. Residual internal tensile stresses existed in the ceramics according to unit cell volume enlargement observed by X-ray diffraction and frequency redshifts of Raman modes related to Bi motion and oxygen octahedral rotation detected by Raman scattering measurements. Residual internal tensile stresses in the ceramics are believed to originate from structural phase transitions through an intermediate paraelectric rhombohedral phase with a negative thermal expansion coefficient in the transformation from paraelectric cubic to ferroelectric rhombohedral phases. All of the rhombohedral Bi{sub 1−x}La{sub x}Fe{sub 1−y}Ti{sub y}O{sub 3} ceramics exhibited a pinched polarization versus electric field hysteresis loop indicative of ferroelectric subswitching. We argue that the residual internal tensile stresses are responsible for such ferroelectric polarization subswitching behavior in the Bi{sub 1−x}La{sub x}Fe{sub 1−y}Ti{sub y}O{sub 3} ceramics.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Functional Materials Research Laboratory and Key Laboratory of Advanced Civil Engineering Materials (Ministry of Education), School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 201800 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22395763
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 106; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; BISMUTH COMPOUNDS; CERAMICS; ELECTRIC FIELDS; FERROELECTRIC MATERIALS; HYSTERESIS; IRON COMPOUNDS; OXYGEN; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; POLARIZATION; RAMAN EFFECT; RED SHIFT; ROTATION; SOLIDS; STRESSES; THERMAL EXPANSION; TITANATES; TRIGONAL LATTICES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION