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Title: Time-resolved observation of thermally activated rupture of a capillary-condensed water nanobridge

The capillary-condensed liquid bridge is one of the most ubiquitous forms of liquid in nature and contributes significantly to adhesion and friction of biological molecules as well as microscopic objects. Despite its important role in nanoscience and technology, the rupture process of the bridge is not well understood and needs more experimental works. Here, we report real-time observation of rupture of a capillary-condensed water nanobridge in ambient condition. During slow and stepwise stretch of the nanobridge, we measured the activation time for rupture, or the latency time required for the bridge breakup. By statistical analysis of the time-resolved distribution of activation time, we show that rupture is a thermally activated stochastic process and follows the Poisson statistics. In particular, from the Arrhenius law that the rupture rate satisfies, we estimate the position-dependent activation energies for the capillary-bridge rupture.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Institute of Applied Physics, Seoul National University, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-747 (Korea, Republic of)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22395664
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 106; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ACTIVATION ENERGY; ADHESION; CAPILLARIES; FRICTION; LIQUIDS; MOLECULES; NANOSTRUCTURES; RUPTURES; STATISTICS; STOCHASTIC PROCESSES; TIME RESOLUTION; WATER