skip to main content

Title: Reducing collective quantum state rotation errors with reversible dephasing

We demonstrate that reversible dephasing via inhomogeneous broadening can greatly reduce collective quantum state rotation errors, and observe the suppression of rotation errors by more than 21 dB in the context of collective population measurements of the spin states of an ensemble of 2.1×10{sup 5} laser cooled and trapped {sup 87}Rb atoms. The large reduction in rotation noise enables direct resolution of spin state populations 13(1) dB below the fundamental quantum projection noise limit. Further, the spin state measurement projects the system into an entangled state with 9.5(5) dB of directly observed spectroscopic enhancement (squeezing) relative to the standard quantum limit, whereas no enhancement would have been obtained without the suppression of rotation errors.
Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. JILA, NIST, and Department of Physics, University of Colorado, 440 UCB, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22395597
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 105; Journal Issue: 26; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ATOMS; ERRORS; LASER RADIATION; NOISE; QUANTUM ENTANGLEMENT; QUANTUM STATES; RESOLUTION; ROTATION; RUBIDIUM 87; SPIN; TRAPPING