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Title: Embeded photonic crystal at the interface of p-GaN and Ag reflector to improve light extraction of GaN-based flip-chip light-emitting diode

In this experiment, a flip-chip light-emitting diode with photonic crystal was fabricated at the interface of p-GaN and Ag reflector via nanospheres lithography technique. In this structure, photonic crystal could couple with the guide-light efficiently by reason of the little distance between photonic crystal and active region. The light output power of light emitting diode with embedded photonic crystal was 1.42 times larger than that of planar flip-chip light-emitting diode. Moreover, the embedded photonic crystal structure makes the far-field divergence angle decreased by 18° without spectra shift. The three-dimensional finite difference time domain simulation results show that photonic crystal could improve the light extraction, and enhance the light absorption caused by Ag reflector simultaneously, because of the roughed surface. The depth of photonic crystal is the key parameter affecting the light extraction and absorption. Light extraction efficiency increases with the depth photonic crystal structure rapidly, and reaches the maximum at the depth 80 nm, beyond which light extraction decrease drastically.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Semiconductor Lighting R and D Center, Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100083 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22395576
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 105; Journal Issue: 25; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ABSORPTION; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; CRYSTALS; EFFICIENCY; EXTRACTION; FINITE DIFFERENCE METHOD; GALLIUM NITRIDES; INTERFACES; LIGHT EMITTING DIODES; P-TYPE CONDUCTORS; SILVER; SURFACES; THREE-DIMENSIONAL LATTICES; VISIBLE RADIATION