skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: Determination of surface electric charge profile in pyroelectric crystals

Pyroelectric crystals are used to produce high energy self-focused electron beams. Here, an experimental analysis in combination with simulation studies will be reported to investigate possible sources of this effect. In the experiments, the surface of crystal was divided into six separated parts and the rate of surface electric charge production was measured accordingly. A non-steady and spatially non-uniform distribution of the surface charge generation was observed, in which it tends to a uniform distribution in the course of experiment. The obtained surface electric charges from the experiments were used to simulate the electric field and potential around the crystal by COMSOL Multiphysics. It was observed that emitted electrons from the crystal surface were focused, and the non-uniformity in spatial charge is responsible for this phenomenon.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Radiation Application Department, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22395489
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 105; Journal Issue: 23; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; C CODES; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; CRYSTALS; ELECTRIC CHARGES; ELECTRIC FIELDS; ELECTRON BEAMS; ELECTRONS; POTENTIALS; SURFACES