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Title: Local atomic structure of K{sub x}Na{sub (1−x)}NbO{sub 3} by total x-ray diffraction

Local atomic structure of K{sub x}Na{sub (1−x)}NbO{sub 3} with 0.0 ≤ x ≤ 1.0 was studied using atomic Pair Distribution Function analysis based on x-ray diffraction. Powdered crystals were found to exhibit a re-entrant behavior by being orthorhombic (Amm2) for x < 0.42, monoclinic (Pm) for 0.42 ≤ x ≤ 0.63 and again orthorhombic (Amm2) for x > 0.63. Non-centrosymmetric structure of NaNbO{sub 3} (Amm2) was also evident in the piezoresponse force microscopy analysis revealing the presence of the ferroelectric domains and switching behavior. Lowering of the crystallographic symmetry for 0.42 ≤ x ≤ 0.63 is discussed in terms of differences in the sizes of Na{sup +} and K{sup +} ions and Na–O and K–O bond lengths. Besides being a bridging phase, as suggested by the previous studies on lead-based compositions, present study suggests that lower symmetry monoclinic phase of compositionally disordered perovskite solid solutions could also be a manifestation of the difference in the sizes of constituent ions and bond lengths.
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Center for Energy Harvesting Materials and Systems (CEHMS), Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061 (United States)
  2. Department of Physics, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, Michigan 48859 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22395488
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 105; Journal Issue: 23; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; BOND LENGTHS; CRYSTALS; DISTRIBUTION FUNCTIONS; FERROELECTRIC MATERIALS; MONOCLINIC LATTICES; NIOBATES; ORTHORHOMBIC LATTICES; PEROVSKITE; POTASSIUM COMPOUNDS; POTASSIUM IONS; POWDERS; SODIUM COMPOUNDS; SODIUM IONS; SOLID SOLUTIONS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION