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Title: The design of double electrostatic-lens optics for resonance enhanced multiphoton ionization and photoelectron imaging experiments

Compared to single ion/electron-optics for velocity-map imaging, a double-focusing lens assembly designed not only allows for mapping velocity imaging of photoelectrons but also allows for investigating the vibrational structure of the intermediate states of neutral species in resonance enhanced multiphoton ionization (REMPI) spectra. In this presentation, in order to record REMPI and photoelectron spectra separately, we have constructed a compact photoelectron velocity-map imaging (VMI) apparatus combined with an opposite linear Wiley-Mclaren time-of-flight mass spectrometer (TOFMS). A mass resolution (m/Δm) of ∼1300 for TOFMS and electron energy resolution (ΔE/E) of 2.4% for VMI have been achieved upon three-photon ionization of Xe atom at 258.00 nm laser wavelength. As a benchmark, in combination of one-color (1 + 1) REMPI and photoelectron imaging of benzene via 6{sup 1} and 6{sup 1}1{sup 1} vibronic levels in the S{sub 1} state, the vibrational structures of the cation and photoelectron angular anisotropy are unraveled. In addition, two-color (1 + 1′) REMPI and photoelectron imaging of aniline was used to complete the accurate measurement of ionization potential (62 271 ± 3 cm{sup −1}). The results suggest that the apparatus is a powerful tool for studying photoionization dynamics in the photoelectron imaging using vibrational-state selected excitation to themore » intermediate states of neutrals based on REMPI technique.« less
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Institute of Atomic and Molecular Physics, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu, Anhui 241000 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22392530
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 86; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; ANILINE; BENZENE; COLOR; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DESIGN; ELECTROSTATIC LENSES; ENERGY RESOLUTION; MASS RESOLUTION; OPTICS; PHOTOIONIZATION; RESONANCE; TIME-OF-FLIGHT MASS SPECTROMETERS; VELOCITY; VIBRATIONAL STATES