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Title: Note: A short-pulse high-intensity molecular beam valve based on a piezoelectric stack actuator

Solenoid and piezoelectric disk valves, which are widely used to generate molecular beam pulses, still suffer from significant restrictions, such as pulse durations typically >50 μs, low repetition rates, and limited gas flows and operational times. Much of this arises owing to the limited forces these actuators can achieve. To overcome these limitations, we have developed a new pulsed valve based on a high-force piezoelectric stack actuator. We show here that operation with pulse durations as low as 20 μs and repetition rates up to 100 Hz can be easily achieved by operating the valve in conjunction with a commercial fast high-voltage switch. We outline our design and demonstrate its performance with molecular beam characterization via velocity map ion imaging.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Chemistry, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48202 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22392252
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 85; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; ACTUATORS; DESIGN; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; GAS FLOW; MOLECULAR BEAMS; OPERATION; PERFORMANCE; PIEZOELECTRICITY; PULSES; SOLENOIDS; SWITCHES; VALVES; VELOCITY