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Title: β-(Al{sub x}Ga{sub 1−x}){sub 2}O{sub 3}/Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} (010) heterostructures grown on β-Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} (010) substrates by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy

By systematically changing growth parameters, the growth of β-(Al{sub x}Ga{sub 1−x}){sub 2}O{sub 3}/Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} (010) heterostructures by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy was optimized. Through variation of the Al flux under O-rich conditions at 600 °C, β-(Al{sub x}Ga{sub 1−x}){sub 2}O{sub 3} (010) layers spanning ∼10% to ∼18% Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} were grown directly on β-Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} (010) substrates. Nominal β-(Al{sub x}Ga{sub 1−x}){sub 2}O{sub 3} (010) compositions were determined through Al:Ga flux ratios. With x = ∼0.18, the β-(Al{sub x}Ga{sub 1−x}){sub 2}O{sub 3} (020) layer peak in a high-resolution x-ray diffraction (HRXRD) ω-2θ scan was barely discernible, and Pendellösung fringes were not visible. This indicated that the phase stability limit of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} in β-Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} (010) at 600 °C was less than ∼18%. The substrate temperature was then varied for a series of β-(Al{sub ∼0.15}Ga{sub ∼0.85}){sub 2}O{sub 3} (010) layers, and the smoothest layer was grown at 650 °C. The phase stability limit of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} in β-Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} (010) appeared to increase with growth temperature, as the β-(Al{sub x}Ga{sub 1−x}){sub 2}O{sub 3} (020) layer peak with x = ∼0.18 was easily distinguishable by HRXRD in a sample grown at 650 °C. Cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy (TEM) indicated that β-(Al{sub ∼0.15}Ga{sub ∼0.85}){sub 2}O{submore » 3} (010) layers (14.4% Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} by energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy) grown at 650 °C were homogeneous. β-(Al{sub ∼0.20}Ga{sub ∼0.80}){sub 2}O{sub 3} (010) layers, however, displayed a phase transition. TEM images of a β-(Al{sub ∼0.15}Ga{sub ∼0.85}){sub 2}O{sub 3}/Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} (010) superlattice grown at 650 °C showed abrupt layer interfaces and high alloy homogeneity.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22392202
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology. A, Vacuum, Surfaces and Films; Journal Volume: 33; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: (c) 2015 American Vacuum Society; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ALLOYS; ALUMINIUM OXIDES; GALLIUM OXIDES; IMAGES; INTERFACES; LAYERS; MOLECULAR BEAM EPITAXY; PEAKS; PHASE STABILITY; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; PLASMA; SUBSTRATES; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY