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Title: Topographic and electronic structure of cleaved SrTiO{sub 3}(001) surfaces

The topographic and electronic structure of cleaved SrTiO{sub 3}(001) surfaces were studied, employing samples that either had or had not been coated with Ti on their outer surfaces prior to fracture. In both cases, SrO- and TiO{sub 2}-terminated terraces were present on the cleavage surface, enabling in situ studies on either termination. However, the samples coated with Ti prior to fracture were found to yield a rougher morphology on TiO{sub 2}-terminated terraces as well as a higher density of oxygen vacancies during an annealing (outgassing) step following the coating. The higher density of oxygen vacancies in the bulk of the Ti-coated samples also provides higher conductivity, which, in turn, improves a sensitivity of the spectroscopy and reduces the effect of tip-induced band bending. Nonetheless, similar spectral features, unique to each termination, were observed for samples both with and without the Ti coating. Notably, with moderate-temperature annealing following fracture, a strong discrete peak in the conductance spectra, arising from oxygen vacancies, was observed on the SrO-terminated terraces. This peak appears at slightly different voltages for coated and uncoated samples, signifying a possible effect of tip-induced band bending.
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Robert Engineering Hall, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States)
  2. Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, Wean Hall, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22392173
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology. A, Vacuum, Surfaces and Films; Journal Volume: 33; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: (c) 2015 American Vacuum Society; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 42 ENGINEERING; ANNEALING; BENDING; CLEAVAGE; DENSITY; ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE; FRACTURES; OXYGEN; PEAKS; STRONTIUM OXIDES; STRONTIUM TITANATES; SURFACES; TITANIUM OXIDES; VACANCIES