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Title: Spatial atomic layer deposition on flexible substrates using a modular rotating cylinder reactor

Spatial atomic layer deposition (ALD) is a new version of ALD based on the separation of reactant gases in space instead of time. In this paper, the authors present results for spatial ALD on flexible substrates using a modular rotating cylinder reactor. The design for this reactor is based on two concentric cylinders. The outer cylinder remains fixed and contains a series of slits. These slits can accept a wide range of modules that attach from the outside. The modules can easily move between the various slit positions and perform precursor dosing, purging, or pumping. The inner cylinder rotates with the flexible substrate and passes underneath the various spatially separated slits in the outer cylinder. Trimethyl aluminum and ozone were used to grow Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} ALD films at 40 °C on metallized polyethylene terephthalate (PET) substrates to characterize this spatial ALD reactor. Spectroscopic ellipsometry measurements revealed a constant Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} ALD growth rate of 1.03 Å/cycle with rotation speeds from 40 to 100 RPM with the outer cylinder configured for one Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} ALD cycle per rotation. The Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} ALD growth rate then decreased at higher rotation rates for reactant residence times < 5 ms. The Al{sub 2}O{submore » 3} ALD films were also uniform to within <1% across the central portion of metallized PET substrate. Fixed deposition time experiments revealed that Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} ALD films could be deposited at 2.08 Å/s at higher rotation speeds of 175 RPM. Even faster deposition rates are possible by adding more modules for additional Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} ALD cycles for every one rotation of the inner cylinder.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States)
  2. Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 and Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22392105
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology. A, Vacuum, Surfaces and Films; Journal Volume: 33; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: (c) 2014 American Vacuum Society; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 42 ENGINEERING; ALUMINIUM OXIDES; CRYSTAL GROWTH; CYLINDERS; DEPOSITION; DEPOSITS; ELLIPSOMETRY; FILMS; ROTATION; SUBSTRATES