skip to main content

Title: Enhanced performance of core-shell structured polyaniline at helical carbon nanotube hybrids for ammonia gas sensor

A core-shell structured hybrid of polyaniline at helical carbon nanotubes was synthesized using in situ polymerization, which the helical carbon nanotubes were uniformly surrounded by a layer of polyaniline nanorods array. More interestingly, repeatable responses were experimentally observed that the sensitivity to ammonia gas of the as-prepared helical shaped core-shell hybrid displays an enhancement of more than two times compared to those of only polyaniline or helical carbon nanotubes sensors because of the peculiar structures with high surface area. This kind of hybrid comprising nanorod arrays of conductive polymers covering carbon nanotubes and related structures provide a potential in sensors of trace gas detection for environmental monitoring and safety forecasting.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Key Laboratory of Advanced Technologies of Materials (Ministry of Education), School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031 (China)
  2. School of Information Science and Technology, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610031 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22392034
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 105; Journal Issue: 20; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; AMMONIA; ANILINE; CARBON NANOTUBES; FORECASTING; PERFORMANCE; POLYMERIZATION; POLYMERS; SAFETY; SENSORS