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Title: Modeling of two-storey precast school building using Ruaumoko 2D program

The long-distant earthquake loading from Sumatra and Java Island had caused some slight damages to precast and reinforced concrete buildings in West Malaysia such as cracks on wall panels, columns and beams. Subsequently, the safety of existing precast concrete building is needed to be analyzed because these buildings were designed using BS 8110 which did not include the seismic loading in the design. Thus, this paper emphasizes on the seismic performance and dynamic behavior of precast school building constructed in Malaysia under three selected past earthquakes excitations ; El Centro 1940 North-South, El Centro East-West components and San Fernando 1971 using RUAUMOKO 2D program. This program is fully utilized by using prototype precast school model and dynamic non-linear time history analysis. From the results, it can be concluded that two-storey precast school building has experienced severe damage and partial collapse especially at beam-column joint under San Fernando and El Centro North-South Earthquake as its exceeds the allowable inter-storey drift and displacement as specified in Eurocode 8. The San Fernando earthquake has produced a massive destruction to the precast building under viscous damping, ΞΎ = 5% and this building has generated maximum building displacement of 435mm, maximum building drift of 0.68%more » and maximum bending moment at 8458kNm.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Faculty of Civil Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor (Malaysia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22391660
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1660; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: ICoMEIA 2014: International Conference on Mathematics, Engineering and Industrial Applications 2014, Penang (Malaysia), 28-30 May 2014; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; BENDING; CIVIL ENGINEERING; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; CRACKS; DAMAGE; DESIGN; EARTHQUAKES; LOADING; MALAYSIA; NONLINEAR PROBLEMS; PERFORMANCE; R CODES; REINFORCED CONCRETE; SAFETY; SCHOOL BUILDINGS; STABILITY