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Title: Preliminary result of P-wave speed tomography beneath North Sumatera region

The structure of P-wave speed beneath the North Sumatra region was determined using P-wave arrival times compiled by MCGA from time periods of January 2009 to December 2012 combining with PASSCAL data for February to May 1995. In total, there are 2,246 local earthquake events with 10,666 P-wave phases from 63 stations seismic around the study area. Ray tracing to estimate travel time from source to receiver in this study by applying pseudo-bending method while the damped LSQR method was used for the tomographic inversion. Based on assessment of ray coverage, earthquakes and stations distribution, horizontal grid nodes was set up of 30×30 km2 for inside the study area and 80×80 km2 for outside the study area. The tomographic inversion results show low Vp anomaly beneath Toba caldera complex region and around the Sumatra Fault Zones (SFZ). These features are consistent with previous study. The low Vp anomaly beneath Toba caldera complex are observed around Mt. Pusuk Bukit at depths of 5 km down to 100 km. The interpretation is these anomalies may be associated with ascending hot materials from subduction processes at depths of 80 km down to 100 km. The obtained Vp structure from local tomography will give valuable information to enhancemore » understanding of tectonic and volcanic in this study area.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Earth Science Study Program, Institute of Technology Bandung (Indonesia)
  2. (MCGA), Jakarta (Indonesia)
  3. Global Geophysical Research Group, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Insitute of Technology Bandung (Indonesia)
  4. Indonesian Meteorological, Climatological and Geophysical Agency (MCGA), Jakarta (Indonesia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22391578
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1658; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: ISEDM 2014: 4. International Sympsoium on Earthquake and Disaster Mitigation 2014, Bandung (Indonesia), 11-12 Nov 2014; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; BENDING; EARTHQUAKES; GEOPHYSICS; GRIDS; SEISMIC P WAVES; SEISMICITY; SEISMOLOGY; TOMOGRAPHY; VELOCITY; ZONES