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Title: Determination of radon concentration in water using RAD7 with RAD H{sub 2}O accessories

In the last decade, the radon issue has become one of the major problems of radiation protection. Radon exposure occurs when using water for showering, washing dishes, cooking and drinking water. RAD7 and Rad H20 accessories were used in order to measure radon concentration in water sample. In this study, four types of water were concerns which are reverse osmosis (drinking water), mineral water, tap water and well water. Reverse osmosis (drinking water) and mineral water were bought from the nearest supermarket while tap water and well water were taken from selected areas of Pulau Pinang and Kedah. Total 20 samples were taken with 5 samples for each type of water. The measured radon concentration ranged from 2.9±2.9 to 79.5±17 pCi/L, 2.9±2.9 to 67.8±16 pCi/L, 15.97±7 to 144.25±24 pCi/L and 374.89±37 to 6409.03±130 pCi/L in reverse osmosis (drinking water), mineral water, tap water and well water. Well water has the highest radon compared to others. It was due to their geological element such as granite. Results for all types of water are presented and compared with maximum contamination limit (MCL) recommended by United State Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) which is 300pCi/L. Reverse osmosis water, mineral water and tap water weremore » fall below MCL. However, well water was exceeded maximum level that was recommended. Thus, these findings were suggested that an action should be taken to reduce radon concentration level in well water as well as reduce a health risk towards the public.« less
Authors:
 [1] ; ;  [2]
  1. Science and Engineering Research Centre (SERC), Universiti Sains Malaysia, Seri Ampangan Nibong Tebal 14300 Penang (Malaysia)
  2. School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang (Malaysia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22391553
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1657; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: PERFIK 2014: National Physics Conference 2014, Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia), 18-19 Nov 2014; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
61 RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY; ABUNDANCE; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CONCENTRATION RATIO; CONTAMINATION; DRINKING WATER; GRANITES; HEALTH HAZARDS; MINERALS; OSMOSIS; QUANTITATIVE CHEMICAL ANALYSIS; RADIATION PROTECTION; RADON; WASHING