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Title: New THz opportunities based on graphene

Graphene is a new material of a single or multiple layer carbon structure with impressive properties. A brief introduction is initially presented. Graphene does not have a bandwidth and is a semimetal with charge carriers of zero mass. A bandgap can be formed by confining the graphene width in nanoribbon or nanoconstricition structures. For example, the induced bandgap by a 20 nm wide nanoribbon is about 50 meV. The charge carrier mass then increases, but is still very small. This material can especially be employed for various Terahertz applications. Here several examples are to be described, namely a) a THz transistor, b) the opportunities of ballistic electron resonances for THz signal generation, c) the simultaneous optical transmission and electrical conduction up to THz frequencies and d) Cascaded THz emitters. The optical advantages of multilayer graphene can be compared to ITO (Indium Tin Oxide)
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Technical University Darmstadt, Fachbereich 18, Mikrowellenelektronik, Merckstr.25, 64283 Darmstadt (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22391510
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1657; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: PERFIK 2014: National Physics Conference 2014, Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia), 18-19 Nov 2014; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; CHARGE CARRIERS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; ELECTRIC RESONANCE; ELECTRONS; GRAPHENE; INDIUM COMPOUNDS; LAYERS; NANOSTRUCTURES; SEMIMETALS; THZ RANGE; TIN OXIDES; TRANSISTORS