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Title: Research progress on ionic plasmas generated in an intense hydrogen negative ion source

Characteristics of ionic plasmas, observed in a high-density hydrogen negative ion source, are investigated with a multi-diagnostics system. The ionic plasma, which consists of hydrogen positive- and negative-ions with a significantly low-density of electrons, is generated in the ion extraction region, from which the negative ions are extracted through the plasma grid. The negative ion density, i.e., the ionic plasma density, as high as the order of 1×10{sup 17}m{sup −3}, is measured with cavity ring-down spectroscopy, while the electron density is lower than 1×10{sup 16}m{sup −3}, which is confirmed with millimeter-wave interferometer. Reduction of the negative ion density is observed at the negative ion extraction, and at that time the electron flow into the ionic plasma region is observed to conserve the charge neutrality. Distribution of the plasma potential is measured in the extraction region in the direction normal to the plasma grid surface with a Langmuir probe, and the results suggest that the sheath is formed at the plasma boundary to the plasma grid to which the bias voltage is applied. The beam extraction should drive the negative ion transport in the ionic plasma across the sheath formed on the extraction surface. Larger reduction of the negative ions atmore » the beam extraction is observed in a region above the extraction aperture on the plasma grid, which is confirmed with 2D image measurement of the Hα emission and cavity ring-down spectroscopy. The electron distribution is also measured near the plasma grid surface. These various properties observed in the ionic plasma are discussed.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [3]
  1. National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292 (Japan)
  2. (Japan)
  3. School of Physical Sciences, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies, Toki 509-5292 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22391453
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1655; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: NIBS 2014: 4. International Symposium on Negative Ions, Beams and Sources, Garching (Germany), 6-10 Oct 2014; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; APERTURES; CHARGED-PARTICLE TRANSPORT; ELECTRON DENSITY; ELECTRONS; EXTRACTION; GRIDS; HYDROGEN; HYDROGEN IONS 1 MINUS; IMAGES; INTERFEROMETERS; LANGMUIR PROBE; PHOTON EMISSION; PLASMA DENSITY; PLASMA DIAGNOSTICS; PLASMA POTENTIAL; SPECTROSCOPY; SURFACES