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Title: Long-pulse production of high current negative ion beam by using actively temperature controlled plasma grid for JT-60SA negative ion source

The temperature control system of the large-size plasma grid has been developed to realize the long pulse production of high-current negative ions for JT-60SA. By using this prototype system for the JT-60SA ion source, 15 A negative ions has been sustained for 100 s for the first time, which is three times longer than that obtained in JT-60U. In this system, a high-temperature fluorinated fluid with a high boiling point of 270 degree Celsius is circulated in the cooling channels of the plasma grids (PG) where a cesium (Cs) coverage is formed to enhance the negative ion production. Because the PG temperature control had been applied to only 10% of the extraction area previously, the prototype PG with the full extraction area (110 cm × 45 cm) was developed to increase the negative ion current in this time. In the preliminary results of long pulse productions of high-current negative ions at a Cs conditioning phase, the negative ion production was gradually degraded in the last half of 100 s pulse where the temperature of an arc chamber wall was not saturated. From the spectroscopic measurements, it was found that the Cs flux released from the wall might affect to the negative ionmore » production, which implied the wall temperature should be kept low to control the Cs flux to the PG for the long-pulse high-current production. The obtained results of long-pulse production and the PG temperature control method contributes the design of the ITER ion source.« less
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 801-1, Mukoyama, Naka 311-0193 (Japan)
  2. Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ 08543 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22391451
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1655; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: NIBS 2014: 4. International Symposium on Negative Ions, Beams and Sources, Garching (Germany), 6-10 Oct 2014; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; BEAM CURRENTS; BEAM EXTRACTION; BEAM INJECTION HEATING; BEAM PRODUCTION; BOILING POINTS; CESIUM; DESIGN; GRIDS; HYDROGEN IONS 1 MINUS; ION BEAMS; ION SOURCES; ITER TOKAMAK; JT-60U TOKAMAK; PLASMA; TEMPERATURE CONTROL