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Title: Electrostatic steering and beamlet aiming in large neutral beam injectors

Neutral beam injection is the main method for plasma heating in magnetic confinement fusion devices. In high energy injector (E>100 keV/amu), neutrals are obtained with reasonable efficiency by conversion of negative ions (H- or D-) via electron detachment reactions. In the case of ITER injectors, which shall operate at 1 MeV, a total ion current of ∼ 40 A is required to satisfy the heating power demand. Gridded electrodes are therefore used in the accelerator, so that 1280 negative ion beamlets are accelerated together. A carefully designed aiming system is required to control the beamlet trajectories, and to deliver their power on a focal point located several meters away from the beam source. In nowadays injectors, the aiming is typically obtained by aperture offset technique or by grid shaping. This paper discuss an alternative concept of beamlets aiming, based on an electrostatic ”steerer” to be placed at the end of the accelerator. A feasibility study of this component is also presented, and its main advantages and drawbacks with respect to other methods are discussed.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Consorzio RFX (CNR, ENEA, INFN, Università di Padova, Acciaierie Venete SpA), Corso Stati Uniti 4 - 35127 Padova (Italy)
  2. INFN-LNL, viale dell'Università n. 2, 35020 Legnaro (Italy)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22391442
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1655; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: NIBS 2014: 4. International Symposium on Negative Ions, Beams and Sources, Garching (Germany), 6-10 Oct 2014; Other Information: (c) 2015 U.S. Government; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; ACCELERATORS; APERTURES; BEAM CURRENTS; BEAM INJECTION HEATING; CONTROL; DESIGN; ELECTRON DETACHMENT; FEASIBILITY STUDIES; GRIDS; HYDROGEN IONS 1 MINUS; ION BEAMS; ITER TOKAMAK; KEV RANGE; MAGNETIC CONFINEMENT; MEV RANGE; NEUTRAL ATOM BEAM INJECTION