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Title: Development of versatile multiaperture negative ion sources

Enhancement of negative ion sources for production of large ion beams is a very active research field nowadays, driven from demand of plasma heating in nuclear fusion devices and accelerator applications. As a versatile test bench, the ion source NIO1 (Negative Ion Optimization 1) is being commissioned by Consorzio RFX and INFN. The nominal beam current of 135 mA at −60 kV is divided into 9 beamlets, with multiaperture extraction electrodes. The plasma is sustained by a 2 MHz radiofrequency power supply, with a standard matching box. A High Voltage Deck (HVD) placed inside the lead shielding surrounding NIO1 contains the radiofrequency generator, the gas control, electronics and power supplies for the ion source. An autonomous closed circuit water cooling system was installed for the whole system, with a branch towards the HVD, using carefully optimized helical tubing. Insulation transformer is installed in a nearby box. Tests of several magnetic configurations can be performed. Status of experiments, measured spectra and plasma luminosity are described. Upgrades of magnetic filter, beam calorimeter and extraction grid and related theoretical issues are reviewed.
Authors:
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  1. INFN-LNL, v.le dell'Universita n 2, I-35020, Legnaro (PD) Italy (Italy)
  2. Consorzio RFX, Associazione Euratom-ENEA sulla fusione, c.so S. Uniti 4, 35127 Padova (Italy)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22391429
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1655; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: NIBS 2014: 4. International Symposium on Negative Ions, Beams and Sources, Garching (Germany), 6-10 Oct 2014; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ANIONS; BEAM CURRENTS; COOLING SYSTEMS; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; ION SOURCES; MAGNETIC FIELD CONFIGURATIONS; MAGNETIC FILTERS; MHZ RANGE; OPTIMIZATION; PLASMA; PLASMA HEATING; POWER SUPPLIES; RADIOWAVE RADIATION; TRANSFORMERS