skip to main content

Title: High fluorescence emission of carboxylic acid functionalized polystyrene/BaTiO{sub 3} nanocomposites and rare earth metal complexes: Preparation and characterization

Noble fluorescence nanocomposite compound based on barium titanate nanoparticles (BTO), polystyrene (PSt), and terbium ion (Tb{sup 3+}) was synthesized by a combination of surface-initiated reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization, Friedel-Crafts alkylation reaction and coordinate chemistry. Initially, a modification of surface of BTO was conducted by an exchange process with S-benzyl S’-trimethoxysilylpropyltrithiocarbonate to create macro-initiator for polymerization of styrene. Subsequently, aryl carboxylic acid functionalized polystyrene grafted barium titanate (BTO-g-PSt-COOH) was generated by substitution reaction between 4-(Chloromethyl) benzoic acid and PSt chains. The coordination of the nanohybrids with Tb{sup 3+} ions afforded fluorescent Tb{sup 3+} tagged aryl carboxylic acid functionalized polystyrene grafted barium titanate (BTO-g-PSt-Tb{sup 3+}) complexes. Structure, morphology, and fluorescence properties of nanohybrid complexes were investigated by respective physical and spectral studies. FT-IR and SEM analyses confirmed the formation of BTO-g-PSt-Tb{sup 3+}nanohybrids. Furthermore, TGA profiles demonstrated the grafting of aryl carboxylic acid functionalized polystyrene on BTO surface. Optical properties of BTO-g-PSt-Tb{sup 3+} complexes were investigated by fluorescence spectroscopy.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Imaging System Engineering, Pukyong National University, Busan 608-737 (Korea, Republic of)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22391297
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1653; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: APMAS 2014: 4. International Congress in Advances in Applied Physics and Materials Science, Fethiye (Turkey), 24-27 Apr 2014; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ALKYLATION; BENZOIC ACID; FLUORESCENCE; FLUORESCENCE SPECTROSCOPY; FOURIER TRANSFORMATION; GRAFTS; INFRARED SPECTRA; MORPHOLOGY; NANOCOMPOSITES; NANOPARTICLES; OPTICAL PROPERTIES; POLYMERIZATION; POLYSTYRENE; RARE EARTH COMPLEXES; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; STYRENE; SURFACES; TERBIUM IONS; THERMAL GRAVIMETRIC ANALYSIS; TITANATES