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Title: Progress towards developing neutron tolerant magnetostrictive and piezoelectric transducers

Current generation light water reactors (LWRs), sodium cooled fast reactors (SFRs), small modular reactors (SMRs), and next generation nuclear plants (NGNPs) produce harsh environments in and near the reactor core that can severely tax material performance and limit component operational life. To address this issue, several Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy (DOE-NE) research programs are evaluating the long duration irradiation performance of fuel and structural materials used in existing and new reactors. In order to maximize the amount of information obtained from Material Testing Reactor (MTR) irradiations, DOE is also funding development of enhanced instrumentation that will be able to obtain in-situ, real-time data on key material characteristics and properties, with unprecedented accuracy and resolution. Such data are required to validate new multi-scale, multi-physics modeling tools under development as part of a science-based, engineering driven approach to reactor development. It is not feasible to obtain high resolution/microscale data with the current state of instrumentation technology. However, ultrasound-based sensors offer the ability to obtain such data if it is demonstrated that these sensors and their associated transducers are resistant to high neutron flux, high gamma radiation, and high temperature. To address this need, the Advanced Test Reactor National Scientificmore » User Facility (ATR-NSUF) is funding an irradiation, led by PSU, at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Research Reactor to test the survivability of ultrasound transducers. As part of this effort, PSU and collaborators have designed, fabricated, and provided piezoelectric and magnetostrictive transducers that are optimized to perform in harsh, high flux, environments. Four piezoelectric transducers were fabricated with either aluminum nitride, zinc oxide, or bismuth titanate as the active element that were coupled to either Kovar or aluminum waveguides and two magnetostrictive transducers were fabricated with Remendur or Galfenol as the active elements. Pulse-echo ultrasonic measurements of these transducers are made in-situ. This paper will present an overview of the test design including selection criteria for candidate materials and optimization of test assembly parameters, data obtained from both out-of-pile and in-pile testing at elevated temperatures, and an assessment based on initial data of the expected performance of ultrasonic devices in irradiation conditions.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ; ;  [2] ; ; ; ;  [3] ; ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6]
  1. The Pennsylvania State University (United States)
  2. Idaho National Laboratory (United States)
  3. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (United States)
  4. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (United States)
  5. Argonne National Laboratory (United States)
  6. Bechtel Marine Propulsion Corp (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22391216
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1650; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: 41. Annual Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation, Boise, ID (United States), 20-25 Jul 2014; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; ALUMINIUM; BUILDING MATERIALS; GAMMA RADIATION; IRRADIATION; KOVAR; MAGNETOSTRICTION; MATERIALS TESTING; NEUTRON FLUX; NEUTRONS; NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS; PIEZOELECTRICITY; REACTOR CORES; RESEARCH REACTORS; SODIUM COOLED REACTORS; TEST REACTORS; TITANATES; TRANSDUCERS; WATER COOLED REACTORS; WATER MODERATED REACTORS; ZINC OXIDES