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Title: Micro- and nanostructured electro-active polymer actuators as smart muscles for incontinence treatment

Treatments of severe incontinence are currently based on purely mechanical systems that generally result in revision after three to five years. Our goal is to develop a prototype acting in a natural-analogue manner as artificial muscle, which is based on electro-active polymers. Dielectric actuators have outstanding performances including millisecond response times, mechanical strains of more than 10 % and power to mass densities similar to natural muscles. They basically consist of polymer films sandwiched between two compliant electrodes. The incompressible but elastic polymer film transduces the electrical energy into mechanical work according to the Maxwell pressure. Available polymer films are micrometers thick and voltages as large as kV are necessary to obtain 10 % strain. For medical implants, polymer films should be nanometer thin to realize actuation below 48 V. The metallic electrodes have to be stretchable to follow the strain of 10 % and remain conductive. Recent results on the stress/strain behavior of anisotropic EAP-cantilevers have shown dependencies on metal electrode preparation. We have investigated tunable anisotropic micro- and nanostructures for metallic electrodes. They show a preferred actuation direction with improved stress-strain behavior. The bending of the cantilever has been characterized by the laser beam deflection method. The impactmore » of the electrode on the effective Young's Modulus is measured using an Ultra Nanoindentation Tester with an integrated reference system for soft polymer surfaces. Once ten thousand layers of nanometer-thin EAP actuators are available, devices beyond the envisioned application will flood the market.« less
Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1] ; ;  [2]
  1. Biomaterials Science Center, University of Basel, c/o University Hospital, 4031 Basel (Switzerland)
  2. Anton Paar TriTec SA, Rue de la Gare 4, Galileo Center, 2034 Peseux (Switzerland)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22391027
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1646; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: NANOTEXNOLOGY 2014: International Conferences and Exhibition on Nanotechnologies and Organic Electronics, Thessaloniki (Greece), 5-12 Jul 2014; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ACTUATORS; ANISOTROPY; BENDING; DENSITY; DIELECTRIC MATERIALS; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; ELECTRODES; FILMS; LASER RADIATION; LAYERS; METALS; MUSCLES; NANOSTRUCTURES; POLYMERS; STRAINS; STRESSES; YOUNG MODULUS