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Title: The effect of urban design parameters on the local microclimate

Two-dimensional steady-state simulations have been performed using the standard k-e turbulence model coupled with the heat transfer models available in the CFD software FLUENT 6.1, in order to examine the impact of radiation on the Urban Heat Island phenomenon. Specifically, the impact of radiation in three typical urban areas of Cyprus during the summer period is examined. The first geometry considered represents a typical suburban area and is termed as the reference geometry. The second geometry represents an area at the centre of a town with higher buildings and relatively narrower roads. The third geometry, on the other hand, describes a suburban area with wider roads and larger houses than the reference model. Computed values for air temperature in the urban street canyon have indicated that the increase in temperature associated with radiative heat transfer can be reduced by optimising the canyon geometry and, ultimately, help to mitigate the human thermal discomfort. The present study has also revealed that the selection of construction materials can be optimised to offer further reductions in the air temperature of the urban environment. It can be concluded that the combined effect of these remedies can lead to reductions in the energy consumption for buildingmore » air-conditioning over the summer period.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Cyprus, 1678 Nicosia (Cyprus)
  2. Department of Aerospace Engineering, University of Manchester, M60 1QD, Manchester (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22390923
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1642; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: ICCMSE-2010: International Conference of Computational Methods in Sciences and Engineering 2010, Kos (Greece), 3-8 Oct 2010; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; AIR; AIR CONDITIONING; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; ENERGY CONSUMPTION; F CODES; FLUID MECHANICS; HEAT ISLANDS; HEAT TRANSFER; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; STEADY-STATE CONDITIONS; TURBULENCE; TWO-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; URBAN AREAS