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Title: How much a quantum measurement is informative?

The informational power of a quantum measurement is the maximum amount of classical information that the measurement can extract from any ensemble of quantum states. We discuss its main properties. Informational power is an additive quantity, being equivalent to the classical capacity of a quantum-classical channel. The informational power of a quantum measurement is the maximum of the accessible information of a quantum ensemble that depends on the measurement. We present some examples where the symmetry of the measurement allows to analytically derive its informational power.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5]
  1. Graduate School of Information Science, Nagoya University, Nagoya, 464-8601 (Japan)
  2. (Spain)
  3. (Italy)
  4. Quit Group, Dipartimento di Fisica, via Bassi 6, I-27100 Pavia, Italy and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Gruppo IV, via Bassi 6, I-27100 Pavia (Italy)
  5. Quit Group, Dipartimento di Fisica, via Bassi 6, I-27100 Pavia, Italy and Istituto di Fotonica e Nanotecnologie (INF-CNR), P.zza L. da Vinci 32, I-20133, Milano (Italy)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22390671
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1633; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: 11. International Conference on Quantum Communication, Measurement and Computation, Vienna (Austria), 30 Jul - 3 Aug 2012; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ADDITIVES; CAPACITY; INFORMATION; QUANTUM INFORMATION; QUANTUM MECHANICS; QUANTUM STATES; SYMMETRY