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Title: 1 ns time to digital converters for the KM3NeT data readout system

The KM3NeT collaboration aims at the construction of a multi-km3 high-energy neutrino telescope in the Mediterranean Sea consisting of thousands of glass spheres (nodes), each of them containing 31 photomultiplier (PMT) of small photocathode area. The readout and data acquisition system of KM3NeT has to collect, treat and send to shore, in an economic way, the enormous amount of data produced by the photomultipliers. For this purpose, 31 high-resolution time-interval measuring channels are implemented on the Field-Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA) based on Time to Digital Converter (TDC). TDC are very common devices in particles physics experiments. Architectures with low resources occupancy are desirable allowing the implementation of other instrumentation, communication and synchronization systems on the same device. The required resolution to measure both, time of flight and timestamp must be 1 ns. A 4-Oversampling technique with two high frequency clocks is used to achieve this resolution. The proposed TDC firmware is developed using very few resources in Xilinx Kintex-7.
Authors:
 [1] ;
  1. IFIC, Instituto de Física Corpuscular, CSIC- Universidad de Valencia, C/Catedrático José Beltrán, 2, 46980 Paterna (Spain)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22390648
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1630; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: VLVvT 13: 6. International Workshop on Very Large Volumte Neutrino Telescopes, Stockholm (Sweden), 5-7 Aug 2013; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; CHERENKOV COUNTERS; DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEMS; IMPLEMENTATION; MEDITERRANEAN SEA; MULTIPARTICLE SPECTROMETERS; NEUTRINO DETECTION; PARTICLE IDENTIFICATION; PHOTOCATHODES; PHOTOMULTIPLIERS; READOUT SYSTEMS; RESOLUTION; SCINTILLATION COUNTERS; SPHERES; SYNCHRONIZATION; TELESCOPE COUNTERS; TIME-OF-FLIGHT METHOD