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Title: Towards an optical potential for rare-earths through coupled channels

The coupled-channel theory is a natural way of treating nonelastic channels, in particular those arising from collective excitations, defined by nuclear deformations. Proper treatment of such excitations is often essential to the accurate description of reaction experimental data. Previous works have applied different models to specific nuclei with the purpose of determining angular-integrated cross sections. In this work, we present an extensive study of the effects of collective couplings and nuclear deformations on integrated cross sections as well as on angular distributions in a consistent manner for neutron-induced reactions on nuclei in the rare-earth region. This specific subset of the nuclide chart was chosen precisely because of a clear static deformation pattern. We analyze the convergence of the coupled-channel calculations regarding the number of states being explicitly coupled. Inspired by the work done by Dietrich et al., a model for deforming the spherical Koning-Delaroche optical potential as function of quadrupole and hexadecupole deformations is also proposed. We demonstrate that the obtained results of calculations for total, elastic and inelastic cross sections, as well as elastic and inelastic angular distributions correspond to a remarkably good agreement with experimental data for scattering energies above around a few MeV.
Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. National Nuclear Data Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973-5000 (United States)
  2. P.O. Box 30423, Walnut Creek, CA, 94598 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22390498
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1625; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: 36. Brazilian Workshop on Nuclear Physics, Sao Sebastiao, SP (Brazil), 1-5 Sep 2013; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; ANGULAR DISTRIBUTION; COLLECTIVE EXCITATIONS; COUPLED CHANNEL THEORY; CROSS SECTIONS; HEAVY ION REACTIONS; INELASTIC SCATTERING; MEV RANGE; NEUTRON REACTIONS; NEUTRONS; NUCLEAR DEFORMATION; NUCLEAR MODELS; RARE EARTH NUCLEI