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Title: Use of nanotomographic images for structure analysis of carbonate rocks

Carbonate rocks store more than 50% of world's petroleum. These rocks' structures are highly complex and vary depending on many factors regarding their formation, e.g., lithification and diagenesis. In order to perform an effective extraction of petroleum it is necessary to know petrophysical parameters, such as total porosity, pore size and permeability of the reservoir rocks. Carbonate rocks usually have a range of pore sizes that goes from nanometers to meters or even dozen of meters. The nanopores and micropores might play an important role in the pores connectivity of carbonate rocks. X-ray computed tomography (CT) has been widely used to analyze petrophysical parameters in recent years. This technique has the capability to generate 2D images of the samples' inner structure and also allows the 3D reconstruction of the actual analyzed volume. CT is a powerful technique, but its results depend on the spatial resolution of the generated image. Spatial resolution is a measurement parameter that indicates the smallest object that can be detected. There are great difficulties to generate images with nanoscale resolution (nanotomographic images). In this work three carbonate rocks, one dolomite and two limestones (that will be called limestone A and limestone B) were analyzed by nanotomography.more » The measurements were performed with the SkyScan2011 nanotomograph, operated at 60 kV and 200 μA to measure the dolomite sample and 40 kV and 200 μA to measure the limestone samples. Each sample was measured with a given spatial resolution (270 nm for the dolomite sample, 360 nm for limestone A and 450 nm for limestone B). The achieved results for total porosity were: 3.09 % for dolomite, 0.65% for limestone A and 3.74% for limestone B. This paper reports the difficulties to acquire nanotomographic images and further analysis about the samples' pore sizes.« less
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. State University of Londrina, Physics Department, P.O. Box 10010, 86057-970, Londrina- PR (Brazil)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22390462
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1625; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: 36. Brazilian Workshop on Nuclear Physics, Sao Sebastiao, SP (Brazil), 1-5 Sep 2013; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY; DIAGENESIS; DOLOMITE; IMAGES; LIMESTONE; NANOSTRUCTURES; PERMEABILITY; PETROLEUM; POROSITY; SPATIAL RESOLUTION; X RADIATION