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Title: SNe Ia tests of quintessence tracker cosmology in an anisotropic background

We investigate the observational effects of a quintessence model in an anisotropic spacetime. The anisotropic metric is a non-rotating particular case of a generalized Gödel's metric and is classified as Bianchi III. This metric is an exact solution of the Einstein-Klein-Gordon field equations with an anisotropic scalar field ψ, which is responsible for the anisotropy of the spacetime geometry. We test the model against observations of type Ia supernovae, analyzing the SDSS dataset calibrated with the MLCS2k2 fitter, and the results are compared to standard quintessence models with Ratra-Peebles potentials. We obtain a good agreement with observations, with best values for the matter and curvature density parameters Ω{sub M} = 0.29 and Ω{sub k}= 0.01 respectively. We conclude that present SNe Ia observations cannot, alone, distinguish a possible anisotropic axis in the cosmos.
Authors:
 [1] ; ;  [2]
  1. Instituto Federal da Bahia, Paulo Afonso, Bahia (Brazil)
  2. Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, Bahia (Brazil)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22373445
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics; Journal Volume: 2014; Journal Issue: 07; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ANISOTROPY; COSMOLOGY; KLEIN-GORDON EQUATION; METRICS; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; SCALAR FIELDS; SPACE-TIME; SUPERNOVAE; UNIVERSE