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Title: Correspondence of I- and Q-balls as non-relativistic condensates

If a real scalar field is dominated by non-relativistic modes, then it approximately conserves its particle number and obeys an equation that governs a complex scalar field theory with a conserved global U(1) symmetry. From this fact, it is shown that the I-ball (oscillon) can be naturally understood as a projection (e.g., real part) of the non-relativistic Q-ball solution. In particular, we clarify that the stability of the I-ball is guaranteed by the U(1) symmetry in the corresponding complex scalar field theory as long as the non-relativistic condition holds. We also discuss the longevity of I-ball from the perspective of the complex scalar field in terms of U(1) charge violating processes.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 133-0033 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22373374
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics; Journal Volume: 2014; Journal Issue: 08; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; APPROXIMATIONS; EQUATIONS; MATHEMATICAL SOLUTIONS; RELATIVISTIC RANGE; SCALAR FIELDS; STABILITY; U-1 GROUPS