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Title: Light scattering by a rough surface of human skin. 2. Diffuse reflectance

Based on the previously calculated luminance factors, we have investigated the integral characteristics of light reflection from a rough surface of the skin with large-scale inhomogeneities under various conditions of the skin illumination. Shadowing of incident and scattered beams by relief elements is taken into account. Diffuse reflectances by the Gaussian and the quasi-periodic surfaces are compared and, in general, both these roughness models are shown to give similar results. We have studied the effect of the angular structure of radiation multiply scattered deep in the tissue and the refraction of rays as they propagate from the dermis to the surface of the stratum corneum on the reflection characteristics of the skin surface. The importance of these factors is demonstrated. The algorithms constructed can be included in the schemes of calculation of the light fields inside and outside the medium in solving various direct and inverse problems of optics of biological tissues. (biophotonics)
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. B.I. Stepanov Institute of Physics, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Minsk (Belarus)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22370654
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Quantum Electronics (Woodbury, N.Y.); Journal Volume: 43; Journal Issue: 10; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ALGORITHMS; ANIMAL TISSUES; BEAMS; ILLUMINANCE; LIGHT SCATTERING; OPTICS; REFLECTION; REFRACTION; ROUGHNESS; SKIN; VISIBLE RADIATION