skip to main content

Title: Harmonics in the dark-matter sky: directional detection in the Fourier-Bessel basis

Details about the velocity distribution of weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP) dark matter in our galaxy may be revealed by nuclear-recoil detectors with directional sensitivity. Previous studies have assumed that the velocity distribution takes a simple functional form characterized by a small number of parameters. More recent work has shown that basis-function expansions may allow for more general parameterization; such an approach has been considered for both the one-dimensional speed and momentum distributions, and also for three-dimensional velocity distributions obeying certain equilibrium conditions. In this work, I extend this basis-function approach to allow for arbitrary velocity distributions by working in the Fourier-Bessel basis, deriving an analytic expression for the directional recoil spectrum. Such an approach is completely general, and may be useful if the velocity distribution is too complex to be characterized by simple functional forms or is not completely virialized. Results concerning the three-dimensional Radon transform of the Fourier-Bessel basis functions may be of general interest for tomographic applications.
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Princeton Center for Theoretical Science, Princeton University, Jadwin Hall, Washington Road, Princeton, NJ, 08544 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22370605
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics; Journal Volume: 2014; Journal Issue: 03; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; DETECTION; EQUILIBRIUM; FUNCTIONS; GALAXIES; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; RADON; SENSITIVITY; SKY; SPECTRA; VELOCITY