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Title: New clues to the cause of extended main-sequence turnoffs in intermediate-age star clusters in the Magellanic Clouds

We use the Wide Field Camera 3 on board the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) to obtain deep, high-resolution images of two intermediate-age star clusters in the Large Magellanic Cloud of relatively low mass (≈10{sup 4} M {sub ☉}) and significantly different core radii, namely NGC 2209 and NGC 2249. For comparison purposes, we also reanalyzed archival HST images of NGC 1795 and IC 2146, two other relatively low-mass star clusters. From the comparison of the observed color-magnitude diagrams with Monte Carlo simulations, we find that the main-sequence turnoff (MSTO) regions in NGC 2209 and NGC 2249 are significantly wider than that derived from simulations of simple stellar populations, while those in NGC 1795 and IC 2146 are not. We determine the evolution of the clusters' masses and escape velocities from an age of 10 Myr to the present age. We find that differences among these clusters can be explained by dynamical evolution arguments if the currently extended clusters (NGC 2209 and IC 2146) experienced stronger levels of initial mass segregation than the currently compact ones (NGC 2249 and NGC 1795). Under this assumption, we find that NGC 2209 and NGC 2249 have estimated escape velocities, V {sub esc} ≳ 15more » km s{sup –1} at an age of 10 Myr, large enough to retain material ejected by slow winds of first-generation stars, while the two clusters that do not feature extended MSTOs have V {sub esc} ≲ 12 km s{sup –1} at that age. These results suggest that the extended MSTO phenomenon can be better explained by a range of stellar ages rather than a range of stellar rotation velocities or interacting binaries.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)
  2. Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, INAF, Vicolo dell'Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padova (Italy)
  3. Institute of Astrophysics, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Av. Vicuña Mackenna 4860, Macul 7820436, Santiago (Chile)
  4. Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Rodovia Ilhéus-Itabuna, km 16, 45662-000 Ilhéus, Bahia (Brazil)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22370550
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 793; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; BINARY STARS; COLOR; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; EVOLUTION; MAGELLANIC CLOUDS; MASS; MONTE CARLO METHOD; RESOLUTION; ROTATION; SEGREGATION; SPACE; STAR CLUSTERS; STARS; STELLAR WINDS; TELESCOPES; VELOCITY