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Title: A 24 hr global campaign to assess precision timing of the millisecond pulsar J1713+0747

The radio millisecond pulsar J1713+0747 is regarded as one of the highest-precision clocks in the sky and is regularly timed for the purpose of detecting gravitational waves. The International Pulsar Timing Array Collaboration undertook a 24 hr global observation of PSR J1713+0747 in an effort to better quantify sources of timing noise in this pulsar, particularly on intermediate (1-24 hr) timescales. We observed the pulsar continuously over 24 hr with the Arecibo, Effelsberg, GMRT, Green Bank, LOFAR, Lovell, Nançay, Parkes, and WSRT radio telescopes. The combined pulse times-of-arrival presented here provide an estimate of what sources of timing noise, excluding DM variations, would be present as compared to an idealized √N improvement in timing precision, where N is the number of pulses analyzed. In the case of this particular pulsar, we find that intrinsic pulse phase jitter dominates arrival time precision when the signal-to-noise ratio of single pulses exceeds unity, as measured using the eight telescopes that observed at L band/1.4 GHz. We present first results of specific phenomena probed on the unusually long timescale (for a single continuous observing session) of tens of hours, in particular interstellar scintillation, and discuss the degree to which scintillation and profile evolution affectmore » precision timing. This paper presents the data set as a basis for future, deeper studies.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ; ; ; ;  [2] ; ; ;  [3] ; ; ; ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [7] ;  [8] ;  [9] more »; « less
  1. Astronomy Department, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States)
  2. ASTRON, the Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy, Postbus 2, 7990 AA, Dwingeloo (Netherlands)
  3. Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics, School of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom)
  4. Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, D-53121 Bonn (Germany)
  5. Laboratoire de Physique et Chimie de l'Environnement et de l'Espace, LPC2E UMR 6115 CNRS, F-45071 Orléans Cedex 02, and Station de radioastronomie de Nançay, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS/INSU, F-18330 Nançay (France)
  6. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, 6224 Agricultural Road, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1 (Canada)
  7. National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22901 (United States)
  8. Center for Advanced Radio Astronomy, University of Texas, Rio Grande Valley, Brownsville, TX 78520 (United States)
  9. Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory, Columbia University, NY 10027 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22370509
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 794; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ACCURACY; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; EVOLUTION; GRAVITATIONAL WAVES; PULSARS; PULSES; SCINTILLATIONS; SIGNAL-TO-NOISE RATIO; TELESCOPES; VARIATIONS