skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: The Milky Way tomography with Sloan Digital Sky Survey. V. Mapping the dark matter halo

We present robust constraints from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) on the shape and distribution of the dark matter halo within the Milky Way (MW). Using the number density distribution and kinematics of SDSS halo stars, we probe the dark matter distribution to heliocentric distances exceeding ∼10 kpc and galactocentric distances exceeding ∼20 kpc. Our analysis utilizes Jeans equations to generate two-dimensional acceleration maps throughout the volume; this approach is thoroughly tested on a cosmologically derived N-body+SPH simulation of a MW-like galaxy. We show that the known accelerations (gradients of the gravitational potential) can be successfully recovered in such a realistic system. Leveraging the baryonic gravitational potential derived by Bovy and Rix, we show that the gravitational potential implied by the SDSS observations cannot be explained, assuming Newtonian gravity, by visible matter alone: the gravitational force experienced by stars at galactocentric distances of ∼20 kpc is as much as three times stronger than what can be attributed to purely visible matter. We also show that the SDSS data provide a strong constraint on the shape of the dark matter halo potential. Within galactocentric distances of ∼20 kpc, the dark matter halo potential is well described as an oblate halomore » with axis ratio q{sub DM}{sup Φ}=0.7±0.1; this corresponds to an axis ratio q{sub DM}{sup ρ}∼0.4±0.1 for the dark matter density distribution. Because of our precise two-dimensional measurements of the acceleration of the halo stars, we can reject several MOND models as an explanation of the observed behavior.« less
Authors:
 [1] ; ; ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [7]
  1. Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, 500 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)
  2. Astronomy Department, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)
  3. Institute for Advanced Study, Einstein Drive, Princeton, NJ (United States)
  4. Physics Department, Grinnell College, Grinnell, IA 50112 (United States)
  5. LSST Corporation, Tucson, AZ (United States)
  6. Institute for Computational Science, University of Zürich, Zürich (Switzerland)
  7. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22370385
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 794; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ACCELERATION; D QUARKS; DENSITY; DISTRIBUTION; EQUATIONS; GRAVITATION; MILKY WAY; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; SIMULATION; STARS; TOMOGRAPHY; TWO-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS