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Title: S4: A spatial-spectral model for speckle suppression

High dynamic range imagers aim to block or eliminate light from a very bright primary star in order to make it possible to detect and measure far fainter companions; in real systems, a small fraction of the primary light is scattered, diffracted, and unocculted. We introduce S4, a flexible data-driven model for the unocculted (and highly speckled) light in the P1640 spectroscopic coronagraph. The model uses principal components analysis (PCA) to capture the spatial structure and wavelength dependence of the speckles, but not the signal produced by any companion. Consequently, the residual typically includes the companion signal. The companion can thus be found by filtering this error signal with a fixed companion model. The approach is sensitive to companions that are of the order of a percent of the brightness of the speckles, or up to 10{sup –7} times the brightness of the primary star. This outperforms existing methods by a factor of two to three and is close to the shot-noise physical limit.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Department of Computer Science, New York University, New York, NY 10003 (United States)
  2. Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics, Department of Physics, New York University, New York, NY 10003 (United States)
  3. Department of Astrophysics, American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY 10024-5192 (United States)
  4. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22370365
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 794; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; BRIGHTNESS; FILTERS; IMAGE PROCESSING; INHIBITION; NOISE; POLAR-CAP ABSORPTION; STARS; VISIBLE RADIATION