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Title: Quasars probing quasars. VII. The pinnacle of the cool circumgalactic medium surrounds massive z ∼ 2 galaxies

We survey the incidence and absorption strength of the metal-line transitions C II 1334 and C IV 1548 from the circumgalactic medium (CGM) surrounding z ∼ 2 quasars, which act as signposts for massive dark matter halos M {sub halo} ≈ 10{sup 12.5} M {sub ☉}. On scales of the virial radius (r {sub vir} ≈ 160 kpc), we measure a high covering fraction f{sub C} = 0.73 ± 0.10 to strong C II 1334 absorption (rest equivalent width W {sub 1334} ≥ 0.2 Å), implying a massive reservoir of cool (T ∼ 10{sup 4} K) metal enriched gas. We conservatively estimate a metal mass exceeding 10{sup 8} M {sub ☉}. We propose that these metals trace enrichment of the incipient intragroup/intracluster medium that these halos eventually inhabit. This cool CGM around quasars is the pinnacle among galaxies observed at all epochs, as regards covering the fraction and average equivalent width of H I Lyα and low-ion metal absorption. We argue that the properties of this cool CGM primarily reflect the halo mass, and that other factors such as feedback, star-formation rate, and accretion from the intergalactic medium are secondary. We further estimate that the CGM of massive, z ∼more » 2 galaxies accounts for the majority of strong Mg II absorption along random quasar sightlines. Last, we detect an excess of strong C IV 1548 absorption (W {sub 1548} ≥ 0.3 Å) over random incidence to the 1 Mpc physical impact parameter and measure the quasar-C IV cross-correlation function: ξ{sub C} {sub IV-Q}(r)=(r/r{sub 0}){sup −γ} with r{sub 0}=7.5{sub −1.4}{sup +2.8} h{sup −1} Mpc and γ=1.7{sub −0.2}{sup +0.1}. Consistent with previous work on larger scales, we infer that this highly ionized C IV gas traces massive (10{sup 12} M {sub ☉}) halos.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, UCO/Lick Observatory, University of California, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)
  2. Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, D-69115 Heidelberg (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22370117
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 796; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ABSORPTION; CORRELATION FUNCTIONS; GALAXIES; GALAXY CLUSTERS; IMPACT PARAMETER; MASS; METALS; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; QUASARS; RANDOMNESS; STARS