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Title: Unwinding motion of a twisted active region filament

To better understand the structures of active region filaments and the eruption process, we study an active region filament eruption in active region NOAA 11082 in detail on 2010 June 22. Before the filament eruption, the opposite unidirectional material flows appeared in succession along the spine of the filament. The rising of the filament triggered two B-class flares at the upper part of the filament. As the bright material was injected into the filament from the sites of the flares, the filament exhibited a rapid uplift accompanying the counterclockwise rotation of the filament body. From the expansion of the filament, we can see that the filament consisted of twisted magnetic field lines. The total twist of the filament is at least 5π obtained by using a time slice method. According to the morphology change during the filament eruption, it is found that the active region filament was a twisted flux rope and its unwinding motion was like a solar tornado. We also find that there was a continuous magnetic helicity injection before and during the filament eruption. It is confirmed that magnetic helicity can be transferred from the photosphere to the filament. Using the extrapolated potential fields, the average decaymore » index of the background magnetic fields over the filament is 0.91. Consequently, these findings imply that the mechanism of solar filament eruption could be due to the kink instability and magnetic helicity accumulation.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Yunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650011 (China)
  2. Department of Physics, Shijiazhuang University, Shijiazhuang 050035 (China)
  3. Yunnan Normal University, Kunming 650092 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22370056
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 797; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; DECAY; ERUPTION; EXPANSION; FILAMENTS; HELICITY; INJECTION; KINK INSTABILITY; MAGNETIC FIELDS; PHOTOSPHERE; ROTATION; SUN