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Title: Transition from the infalling envelope to the Keplerian disk around L1551 IRS 5

We present combined Submillimeter Array (SMA) +Atacama Submillimeter Telescope Experiment (ASTE) images of the Class I protobinary L1551 IRS 5 in the CS (J = 7-6) line, the submillimeter images of L1551 IRS 5 with the most complete spatial sampling ever achieved (0.''9-36''). The SMA image of L1551 IRS 5 in the 343 GHz dust-continuum emission is also presented, which shows an elongated feature along the northwest to southeast direction (∼160 AU × 80 AU), perpendicular to the associated radio jets. The combined SMA+ASTE images show that the high-velocity (≳1.5 km s{sup –1}) CS emission traces the structure of the dust component and shows a velocity gradient along the major axis, which is reproduced by a geometrically thin Keplerian-disk model with a central stellar mass of ∼0.5 M {sub ☉}. The low-velocity (≲1.3 km s{sup –1}) CS emission shows an extended (∼1000 AU) feature that exhibits slight south (blueshifted) to north (redshifted) emission offsets, which is modeled with a rotating and infalling envelope with a conserved angular momentum. The rotational motion of the envelope connects smoothly to the inner Keplerian rotation at a radius of ∼64 AU. The infalling velocity of the envelope is ∼three times lower than the free-fallmore » velocity toward the central stellar mass of 0.5 M {sub ☉}. These results demonstrate transition from the infalling envelope to the Keplerian disk, consistent with the latest theoretical studies of disk formation. We suggest that sizable (r ∼ 50-200 AU) Keplerian disks are already formed when the protostars are still deeply embedded in the envelopes.« less
Authors:
 [1] ; ; ; ;  [2]
  1. Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, No. 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China)
  2. Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, P. O. Box 23-141, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22369990
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 796; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ANGULAR MOMENTUM; BINARY STARS; DUSTS; EMISSION; IMAGES; MASS; MOLECULES; PROTOSTARS; RED SHIFT; ROTATION; STARS; TELESCOPES; VELOCITY