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Title: Cosmology with matter diffusion

We construct a viable cosmological model based on velocity diffusion of matter particles. In order to ensure the conservation of the total energy-momentum tensor in the presence of diffusion, we include a cosmological scalar field φ which we identify with the dark energy component of the universe. The model is characterized by only one new degree of freedom, the diffusion parameter σ. The standard ΛCDM model can be recovered by setting σ = 0. If diffusion takes place (σ > 0) the dynamics of the matter and of the dark energy fields are coupled. We argue that the existence of a diffusion mechanism in the universe may serve as a theoretical motivation for interacting models. We constrain the background dynamics of the diffusion model with Supernovae, H(z) and BAO data. We also perform a perturbative analysis of this model in order to understand structure formation in the universe. We calculate the impact of diffusion both on the CMB spectrum, with particular attention to the integrated Sachs-Wolfe signal, and on the matter power spectrum P(k). The latter analysis places strong constraints on the magnitude of the diffusion mechanism but does not rule out the model.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. University of Gothenburg and Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Mathematics, S-412 96 Gothenburg (Sweden)
  2. Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Av. Fernando Ferrari, Goiabeiras, Vitória (Brazil)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22369931
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics; Journal Volume: 2013; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; COSMOLOGICAL MODELS; COSMOLOGY; DEGREES OF FREEDOM; DIFFUSION; ENERGY-MOMENTUM TENSOR; LIMITING VALUES; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; SCALAR FIELDS; SIGNALS; SPECTRA; SUPERNOVAE; UNIVERSE