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Title: Can non-local or higher derivative theories provide alternatives to inflation?

The standard mechanism for producing the observed scale-invariant power spectrum from adiabatic vacuum fluctuations relies on first order derivative of fields in the action for curvature perturbations. It has been proven [1] that, under this ansatz, any theory of early universe that matches cosmological observations should include a phase of accelerated expansion (i.e. inflation) or it has to break at least one of the following tenets of classical general relativity: Null Energy Conditions (NEC), subluminal signal propagation, or sub-Planckian energy densities. We extend this proof to a large class of theories with higher (spatial) derivative or non-local terms in the action. Interestingly, only theories in the neighborhood of Lifshitz points with ω{sub k}∝k{sup 0} and k{sup 3} remain viable.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3G1 (Canada)
  2. Department of Physics, University of Tehran, Kargar Avenue North, Tehran 14395-547 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22369927
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics; Journal Volume: 2013; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; EXPANSION; FLUCTUATIONS; GENERAL RELATIVITY THEORY; INFLATIONARY UNIVERSE; SIGNALS; SPECTRA; UNIVERSE