skip to main content

Title: Constraining the range of Yukawa gravity interaction from S2 star orbits

We consider possible signatures for Yukawa gravity within the Galactic Central Parsec, based on our analysis of the S2 star orbital precession around the massive compact dark object at the Galactic Centre, and on the comparisons between the simulated orbits in Yukawa gravity and two independent sets of observations. Our simulations resulted in strong constraints on the range of Yukawa interaction Λ and showed that its most probable value in the case of S2 star is around 5000 - 7000 AU. At the same time, we were not able to obtain reliable constrains on the universal constant δ of Yukawa gravity, because the current observations of S2 star indicated that it may be highly correlated with parameter Λ in the range (0 < δ < 1). For δ > 2 they are not correlated. However, the same universal constant which was successfully applied to clusters of galaxies and rotation curves of spiral galaxies (δ = 1/3) also gives a satisfactory agreement with the observed orbital precession of the S2 star, and in that case the most probable value for the scale parameter is Λ ≈ 3000±1500 AU. Also, the Yukawa gravity potential induces precession of S2 star orbit in themore » same direction as General Relativity for δ > 0 and for δ < −1, and in the opposite direction for −1 < δ < 0. The future observations with advanced facilities, such as GRAVITY or/and European Extremely Large Telescope, are needed in order to verify these claims.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Atomic Physics Laboratory (040), Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, University of Belgrade, P.O. Box 522, 11001 Belgrade (Serbia)
  2. Astronomical Observatory, Volgina 7, 11060 Belgrade (Serbia)
  3. Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, B. Cheremushkinskaya 25, 117259 Moscow (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22369908
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics; Journal Volume: 2013; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; DIAGRAMS; GALAXIES; GALAXY CLUSTERS; GENERAL RELATIVITY THEORY; GRAVITATION; ORBITS; PRECESSION; SIMULATION; STARS