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Title: Anisotropy test of the axion-like particle Universe opacity effect: a case for the Cherenkov Telescope Array

The opacity of the Universe to gamma rays is still poorly measured, in particular anomalies may have been observed. Assuming that such anomalies find their origin in conventional physics like intrinsic source spectra or the density of the extragalactic background light, they would be evenly distributed over the sky. If they exist, axion-like particles (ALPs) would have a potential effect on the opacity of the Universe to gamma rays, possibly related to the anomalies in the spectral indices of distant gamma-ray sources. Under the assumption that distant sources offer suitable environments for their production, ALPs convert back to photons in the Galactic magnetic field and their effect on the opacity is expected to depend on the position of the sources. In that case the anomaly is expected to exhibit peculiar correlations on the sky. We propose a method to test the origin of the opacity anomaly, based on angular correlations of spectral softening anomalies. Such a diagnosis requires a wide-field survey of high-energy gamma-ray sources over a broad range of energy. The future Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) is perfectly suited to perform such a study. It is shown that while the current sample of sources is not large enough tomore » base conclusions on, with this method CTA will be sensitive to ALP couplings to gamma rays of the order of 3 × 10{sup −11}GeV{sup −1} for ALP masses below 10{sup −8} eV.« less
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. CEA Irfu, Centre de Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22369816
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics; Journal Volume: 2014; Journal Issue: 01; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ANGULAR CORRELATION; ANISOTROPY; GAMMA RADIATION; GAMMA SOURCES; MAGNETIC FIELDS; OPACITY; ORIGIN; PHOTONS; SKY; TELESCOPES; UNIVERSE