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Title: Dark radiation constraints on minicharged particles in models with a hidden photon

We compute the thermalization of a hidden sector consisting of minicharged fermions (MCPs) and massless hidden photons in the early Universe. The precise measurement of the anisotropies of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) by Planck and the relic abundance of light nuclei produced during big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) constrain the amount of dark radiation of this hidden sector through the effective number of neutrino species, N{sub eff}. This study presents novel and accurate predictions of dark radiation in the strongly and weakly coupled regime for a wide range of model parameters. We give the value of N{sub eff} for MCP masses between ∼ 100 keV and 10 GeV and minicharges in the range 10{sup −11}−1. Our results can be used to constrain MCPs with the current data and they are also a valuable indicator for future experimental searches, should the hint for dark radiation manifest itself in the next release of Planck's data.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Max-Planck-Institut für Physik, Föhringer Ring 6, D-80805 München (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22369756
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics; Journal Volume: 2014; Journal Issue: 02; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; GEV RANGE 01-10; KEV RANGE; LIGHT NUCLEI; LIMITING VALUES; NEUTRINOS; NUCLEOSYNTHESIS; PHOTONS; RELICT RADIATION; THERMALIZATION; UNIVERSE