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Title: THE EFFECT OF ISOTOPIC SPLITTING ON THE BISECTOR AND INVERSIONS OF THE SOLAR Ca II 854.2 nm LINE

The Ca II 854.2 nm spectral line is a common diagnostic of the solar chromosphere. The average line profile shows an asymmetric core, and its bisector shows a characteristic inverse-C shape. The line actually consists of six components with slightly different wavelengths depending on the isotope of calcium. This isotopic splitting of the line has been taken into account in studies of non-solar stars, but never for the Sun. We performed non-LTE radiative transfer computations from three models of the solar atmosphere and show that the line-core asymmetry and inverse C-shape of the bisector of the 854.2 nm line can be explained by isotopic splitting. We confirm this finding by analyzing observations and showing that the line asymmetry is present irrespective of conditions in the solar atmosphere. Finally, we show that inversions based on the Ca II 854.2 nm line should take the isotopic splitting into account, otherwise the inferred atmospheres will contain erroneous velocity gradients and temperatures.
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1029 Blindern, N-0315 Oslo (Norway)
  2. Institute for Solar Physics, Department of Astronomy, Stockholm University, AlbaNova University Centre, SE-106 91 Stockholm Sweden (Sweden)
  3. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Box 516, SE-75120 Uppsala (Sweden)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365959
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal Letters; Journal Volume: 784; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ASYMMETRY; CALCIUM IONS; CALCULATION METHODS; CHROMOSPHERE; LTE; RADIANT HEAT TRANSFER; STAR MODELS; SUN; VELOCITY; WAVELENGTHS