Obstructions to the realization of distance graphs with large chromatic numbers on spheres of small radii
We investigate in detail some properties of distance graphs constructed on the integer lattice. Such graphs find wide applications in problems of combinatorial geometry, in particular, such graphs were employed to answer Borsuk's question in the negative and to obtain exponential estimates for the chromatic number of the space. This work is devoted to the study of the number of cliques and the chromatic number of such graphs under certain conditions. Constructions of sequences of distance graphs are given, in which the graphs have unit length edges and contain a large number of triangles that lie on a sphere of radius 1/√3 (which is the minimum possible). At the same time, the chromatic numbers of the graphs depend exponentially on their dimension. The results of this work strengthen and generalize some of the results obtained in a series of papers devoted to related issues. Bibliography: 29 titles.
 Authors:

;
^{[1]}
 M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics, Moscow (Russian Federation)
 Publication Date:
 OSTI Identifier:
 22365952
 Resource Type:
 Journal Article
 Resource Relation:
 Journal Name: Sbornik. Mathematics; Journal Volume: 204; Journal Issue: 10; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
 Country of Publication:
 United States
 Language:
 English
 Subject:
 97 MATHEMATICAL METHODS AND COMPUTING; DIAGRAMS; DISTANCE; GEOMETRY; GRAPH THEORY; MATHEMATICAL SOLUTIONS; MATHEMATICAL SPACE; SPHERES