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Title: SUPER-CRITICAL GROWTH OF MASSIVE BLACK HOLES FROM STELLAR-MASS SEEDS

We consider super-critical accretion with angular momentum onto stellar-mass black holes as a possible mechanism for growing billion-solar-mass black holes from light seeds at early times. We use the radiatively inefficient ''slim disk'' solution—advective, optically thick flows that generalize the standard geometrically thin disk model—to show how mildly super-Eddington intermittent accretion may significantly ease the problem of assembling the first massive black holes when the universe was less than 0.8 Gyr old. Because of the low radiative efficiencies of slim disks around non-rotating as well as rapidly rotating black holes, the mass e-folding timescale in this regime is nearly independent of the spin parameter. The conditions that may lead to super-critical growth in the early universe are briefly discussed.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)
  2. Dipartimento di Scienza e Alta Tecnologia, Università dell'Insubria, via Valleggio 11, I-22100 Como (Italy)
  3. INFN, Sezione di Milano-Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza 3, I-20126 Milano (Italy)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365933
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal Letters; Journal Volume: 784; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ACCRETION DISKS; BLACK HOLES; COSMOLOGY; EFFICIENCY; GALAXIES; MASS; MATHEMATICAL SOLUTIONS; RED SHIFT; SPIN; UNIVERSE; VISIBLE RADIATION