skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: PHYSICAL CONSTRAINTS ON FAST RADIO BURSTS

Fast radio bursts (FRBs) are isolated, ms radio pulses with dispersion measure (DM) of order 10{sup 3} pc cm{sup –3}. Galactic candidates for the DM of high latitude bursts detected at GHz frequencies are easily dismissed. DM from bursts emitted in stellar coronas are limited by free-free absorption and those from H II regions are bounded by the nondetection of associated free-free emission at radio wavelengths. Thus, if astronomical, FRBs are probably extragalactic. FRB 110220 has a scattering tail of ∼5.6 ± 0.1 ms. If the electron density fluctuations arise from a turbulent cascade, the scattering is unlikely to be due to propagation through the diffuse intergalactic plasma. A more plausible explanation is that this burst sits in the central region of its host galaxy. Pulse durations of order ms constrain the sizes of FRB sources implying high brightness temperatures that indicates coherent emission. Electric fields near FRBs at cosmological distances would be so strong that they could accelerate free electrons from rest to relativistic energies in a single wave period.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365897
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal Letters; Journal Volume: 785; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ABSORPTION; BRIGHTNESS; ELECTRIC FIELDS; ELECTRON DENSITY; FLUCTUATIONS; GALAXIES; GHZ RANGE; INTERGALACTIC SPACE; LIMITING VALUES; PLASMA; RADIOWAVE RADIATION; RELATIVISTIC RANGE; SCATTERING; STELLAR CORONAE; WAVE PROPAGATION