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Title: FLICKER AS A TOOL FOR CHARACTERIZING PLANETS THROUGH ASTERODENSITY PROFILING

Variability in the time series brightness of a star on a timescale of 8 hr, known as ''flicker'', has been previously demonstrated to serve as a proxy for the surface gravity of a star by Bastien et al. Although surface gravity is crucial for stellar classification, it is the mean stellar density that is most useful when studying transiting exoplanets, due to its direct impact on the transit light curve shape. Indeed, an accurate and independent measure of the stellar density can be leveraged to infer subtle properties of a transiting system, such as the companion's orbital eccentricity via asterodensity profiling (AP). We here calibrate flicker to the mean stellar density of 439 Kepler targets with asteroseismology, allowing us to derive a new empirical relation given by log{sub 10}(ρ{sub *} (kg m{sup –3})) = 5.413 – 1.850log{sub 10}(F {sub 8} (ppm)). The calibration is valid for stars with 4500 < T {sub eff} < 6500 K, K{sub P} < 14, and flicker estimates corresponding to stars with 3.25 < log g {sub *} < 4.43. Our relation has a model error in the stellar density of 31.7% and so has ∼8 times lower precision than that from asteroseismology but is applicable tomore » a sample ∼40 times greater. Flicker therefore provides an empirical method to enable AP on hundreds of planetary candidates from present and future missions.« less
Authors:
 [1] ; ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5]
  1. Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)
  2. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, 1807 Station B, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States)
  3. School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT (United Kingdom)
  4. NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States)
  5. Centre for Star and Planet Formation, University of Copenhagen, DK-1350 Copenhagen (Denmark)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365892
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal Letters; Journal Volume: 785; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ACCURACY; BRIGHTNESS; CALIBRATION; CLASSIFICATION; DENSITY; DIAGRAMS; GRAVITATION; PLANETS; STARS; SURFACES; VISIBLE RADIATION