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Title: A DISTANT RADIO MINI-HALO IN THE PHOENIX GALAXY CLUSTER

We report the discovery of extended radio emission in the Phoenix cluster (SPT-CL J2344-4243, z = 0.596) with the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT) at 610 MHz. The diffuse emission extends over a region of at least 400-500 kpc and surrounds the central radio source of the Brightest Cluster Galaxy, but does not appear to be directly associated with it. We classify the diffuse emission as a radio mini-halo, making it the currently most distant mini-halo known. Radio mini-halos have been explained by synchrotron emitting particles re-accelerated via turbulence, possibly induced by gas sloshing generated from a minor merger event. Chandra observations show a non-concentric X-ray surface brightness distribution, which is consistent with this sloshing interpretation. The mini-halo has a flux density of 17 ± 5 mJy, resulting in a 1.4 GHz radio power of (10.4 ± 3.5) × 10{sup 24} W Hz{sup –1}. The combined cluster emission, which includes the central compact radio source, is also detected in a shallow GMRT 156 MHz observation and together with the 610 MHz data we compute a spectral index of –0.84 ± 0.12 for the overall cluster radio emission. Given that mini-halos typically have steeper radio spectra than cluster radio galaxies, this spectral index should be taken as an uppermore » limit for the mini-halo.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ; ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ; ;  [7]
  1. Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)
  2. National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 1003 Lopezville Road, Socorro, NM 87801-0387 (United States)
  3. National Centre for Radio Astrophysics, TIFR, Pune University Campus, Post Bag 3, Pune 411 007 (India)
  4. Hamburger Sternwarte, Gojenbergsweg 112, D-21029 Hamburg (Germany)
  5. Thüringer Landessternwarte Tautenburg, Sternwarte 5, D-07778, Tautenburg (Germany)
  6. Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, D-14482 Potsdam (Germany)
  7. Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9513, NL-2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365864
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal Letters; Journal Volume: 786; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; BRIGHTNESS; FLUX DENSITY; GALAXY CLUSTERS; GHZ RANGE; INDEXES; MHZ RANGE; PHOTON EMISSION; RADIO GALAXIES; RADIO TELESCOPES; TURBULENCE; UNIVERSE; X RADIATION; X-RAY GALAXIES